FM Context free underpinning

A resource that focuses on explaining or assessing underpinning skills using no or very little context. (I.e. using only numbers, symbols and/or basic diagrams).  This could include worksheets, explanatory handouts or presentations, and reference sheets.

 

Major update Use compensation strategies to speed up mental addition when adding on numbers such as 19 or  39. A step by step work sheet: the pre-skills check is followed by more than 60 questions (including 'Stretch' tasks). Concludes with two new pages of Functional Skills exam style problems that can be used independently of pages 1-3. Exam style questions are based on a bike shop and a children's nursery.

Level
Entry Level 2
Maths
Mental maths
FM Context free underpinning
FM Simple one step problem(s)
FM E2.5 Add & subtract 2-digit numbers
FM E2.4 Recognise & interpret the symbols +, – , x, ÷ and = appropriately
Context
Retail Hospitality Customer service
Health, Social care, Early years

03/02/22 09:30 updated (image depicting "no calculator" was not displaying properly on some devices, now replaced with new image)
25/1/22 09:24 updated for minor corrections ('Mel' replaced with 'Chris' in second occurrence in Q1b page 3 and curriculum mapping corrected in Q3b page 4). In addition, an answer and detailed mapping sheet is now available to contributors.

Level
Entry Level 1
Entry Level 2
Maths
Mental maths
FM Context free underpinning
FM Simple one step problem(s)
FM E1.1 Read, write, order, compare numbers to 20
FM E1.3 Add numbers which total up to 20, & subtract numbers from numbers up to 20
FM E1.4 Recognise & interpret the symbols +, – and = appropriately
FM E2.2 Read, write, order & compare numbers up to 200
FM E2.5 Add & subtract 2-digit numbers
Context
Leisure, Hobbies, Travel & Tourism

Practise using reordering strategies with these extra E2 (E1 questions are in a separate Wordwall activity) questions for our recently updated E1-E2 Mental addition strategies (reordering) PDF worksheet (Maggie Harnew, 2005, updated Feb 2022). Match the correct answer to each addition problem. (Reordering involves adding up large numbers first and/or looking for pairs of numbers that add up to 10, 20, 30, etc.). Can be used independently of the original resource.

Level
Entry Level 2
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
FM E2.5 Add & subtract 2-digit numbers
Mental maths

Practise using reordering strategies with these extra E1 (E2 questions are in a separate Wordwall activity) questions for our recently updated E1-E2 Mental addition strategies (reordering) PDF worksheet (Maggie Harnew, 2005, updated Feb 2022). Match the correct answer to each addition problem. (Reordering involves adding up large numbers first and/or looking for pairs of numbers that add up to ten. Can be used independently of the original resource.

Level
Entry Level 1
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
FM E1.3 Add numbers which total up to 20, & subtract numbers from numbers up to 20
Mental maths

Practise using compensation strategies with these extra questions for our recently updated E2 Mental addition strategies (compensation) PDF worksheet (Maggie Harnew, 2005, updated Feb 2022). Match the correct answer to each addition problem.

Level
Entry Level 2
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
FM E2.5 Add & subtract 2-digit numbers

These two PowerPoints cover the properties of  2D and 3D shapes (E2-E3) - faces, edges, vertices and line symmetry. This is assessed using a quiz in PPT1. Both PPTs then move on to recognising nets and drawing nets of cubes and cuboids (now found in Level 1 exams). The second PPT can be printed off and used as a workbook.  I have also included two links to You tube but you can use your own favourite shape/nets video links if you prefer.

Editor's note

Level
Entry Level 2
Entry Level 3
Level 1
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
FM E2.19 Recognise & name 2-D & 3-D shapes including pentagons, hexagons, cylinders, cuboids, pyramids, spheres
FM E2.20 Describe properties of common 2-D & 3-D shapes including nos. of sides, corners, edges, faces, angles & base
FM E3.19 Sort 2-D & 3-D shapes using properties including lines of symmetry, length, right angles, angles inc. in rectangles & triangles
FM L1.24 Draw 2-D shapes & demonstrate an understanding of line symmetry & knowledge of the relative size of angles
FM L1.25 Interpret plans, elevations & nets of simple 3-D shapes

I designed this resource to help learners at Entry Level 3 Functional Maths understand the importance of setting out and working out multiplication calculations. I've also included some stretch questions.

Editor's note

A graduated and differentiated workbook covering underpinning skills and simple word problems. Focus is on multiplying 2 3 and 4 digit numbers by a single digit. For Entry Level 2 learners use Nicky's E2 Multiplication (to find this look under See also or visit Nicky's profile page).

Level
Entry Level 3
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
FM Simple one step problem(s)
FM E2.6 Times tables 0x0 to 12x12
FM E3.4 Multiply 2-digit numbers by 1- & 2-digit numbers

I've just designed this ready for my new starts in September.  It is surprising how many learners come that get basic things wrong. 

As we know FS is all about reading the questions and showing workings out.  I always do 5 weeks of no calculators as for some they just do not get the borrowing / carrying over and this is of course important on the non calculator papers now.

There is also an E2-E3 version of this resource.

Editor's note

Level
Entry Level 3
Level 1
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
FM Simple one step problem(s)
FM E3.2 Add & subtract 3-digit whole numbers
FM E3.10 Calculate with money using decimal notation & express money correctly in writing in pounds and pence
FM L1.2 Recognise and use positive and negative numbers
FM L1.11 Add, subtract, multiply & divide decimals up to 2 decimal places

8/8/2021 Error fixed on page 3, no. 13.

I've just designed these ready for my new starts in September.  It is surprising how many learners come that get the simplest things wrong. 

Level
Entry Level 2
Entry Level 3
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
FM Simple one step problem(s)
FM E1.3 Add numbers which total up to 20, & subtract numbers from numbers up to 20
FM E2.5 Add & subtract 2-digit numbers
FM E3.2 Add & subtract 3-digit whole numbers
FM E2.12 Calculate money with pence up to £1 & in whole £s of multiple items, use correct symbols (£ or p)
FM E3.10 Calculate with money using decimal notation & express money correctly in writing in pounds and pence

Name each 2D shape and describe its properties.  Two separate worksheets: one for triangles, one for quadrilaterals. For Entry Level, hence angles are not a focus.
For each of the 6 quadrilaterals and 4 triangles, the learner is prompted to answer these questions: 

Level
Entry Level 2
Entry Level 3
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
FM E2.19 Recognise & name 2-D & 3-D shapes including pentagons, hexagons, cylinders, cuboids, pyramids, spheres
FM E2.20 Describe properties of common 2-D & 3-D shapes including nos. of sides, corners, edges, faces, angles & base
FM E3.19 Sort 2-D & 3-D shapes using properties including lines of symmetry, length, right angles, angles inc. in rectangles & triangles