# FM Context free underpinning

A resource that focuses on explaining or assessing underpinning skills using no or very little context. (I.e. using only numbers, symbols and/or basic diagrams).  This could include worksheets, explanatory handouts or presentations, and reference sheets.

## 2D and 3D shapes including nets

These two PowerPoints cover the properties of  2D and 3D shapes (E2-E3) - faces, edges, vertices and line symmetry. This is assessed using a quiz in PPT1. Both PPTs then move on to recognising nets and drawing nets of cubes and cuboids (now found in Level 1 exams). The second PPT can be printed off and used as a workbook.  I have also included two links to You tube but you can use your own favourite shape/nets video links if you prefer.

Editor's note

Level
Entry Level 2
Entry Level 3
Level 1
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
E2.19 Recognise and name 2-D and 3-D shapes including pentagons, hexagons, cylinders, cuboids, pyramids, spheres
E2.20 Describe properties of common 2-D & 3-D shapes including nos. of sides, corners, edges, faces, angles & base
E3.19 Sort 2-D and 3-D shapes using properties including lines of symmetry, length, right angles, angles including in rectangles and triangles
L1.24 Draw 2-D shapes and demonstrate an understanding of line symmetry & knowledge of the relative size of angles
L1.25 Interpret plans, elevations and nets of simple 3-D shapes

## E3 Multiplication

I designed this resource to help learners at Entry Level 3 Functional Maths understand the importance of setting out and working out multiplication calculations. I've also included some stretch questions.

Editor's note

A graduated and differentiated workbook covering underpinning skills and simple word problems. Focus is on multiplying 2 3 and 4 digit numbers by a single digit. For Entry Level 2 learners use Nicky's E2 Multiplication (to find this look under See also or visit Nicky's profile page).

Level
Entry Level 3
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
FM Simple one step problem(s)
FM E2.6 Times tables 0x0 to 12x12
FM E3.4 Multiply 2-digit numbers by 1- & 2-digit numbers

## Addition & subtraction for E3-L1 Reformed Functional Maths

I've just designed this ready for my new starts in September.  It is surprising how many learners come that get basic things wrong.

As we know FS is all about reading the questions and showing workings out.  I always do 5 weeks of no calculators as for some they just do not get the borrowing / carrying over and this is of course important on the non calculator papers now.

There is also an E2-E3 version of this resource.

Editor's note

Level
Entry Level 3
Level 1
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
FM Simple one step problem(s)
FM E3.2 Add & subtract 3-digit whole numbers
FM E3.10 Calculate with money using decimal notation & express money correctly in writing in pounds and pence
L1.2 Recognise and use positive and negative numbers
L1.11 Add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals up to two decimal places

## Addition & Subtraction for E2-E3 Reformed Functional Maths

8/8/2021 Error fixed on page 3, no. 13.

I've just designed these ready for my new starts in September.  It is surprising how many learners come that get the simplest things wrong.

Level
Entry Level 2
Entry Level 3
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
FM Simple one step problem(s)
FM E1.3 Add numbers which total up to 20, and subtract numbers from numbers up to 20
FM E2.5 Add & subtract 2-digit numbers
FM E3.2 Add & subtract 3-digit whole numbers
FM E2.12 Calculate money with pence up to £1 & in whole £s of multiple items, use correct symbols (£ or p)
FM E3.10 Calculate with money using decimal notation & express money correctly in writing in pounds and pence

## Properties of 2D Shapes - quadrilaterals and triangles

Name each 2D shape and describe its properties.  Two separate worksheets: one for triangles, one for quadrilaterals. For Entry Level, hence angles are not a focus.
For each of the 6 quadrilaterals and 4 triangles, the learner is prompted to answer these questions:

Level
Entry Level 2
Entry Level 3
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
E2.19 Recognise and name 2-D and 3-D shapes including pentagons, hexagons, cylinders, cuboids, pyramids, spheres
E2.20 Describe properties of common 2-D & 3-D shapes including nos. of sides, corners, edges, faces, angles & base
E3.19 Sort 2-D and 3-D shapes using properties including lines of symmetry, length, right angles, angles including in rectangles and triangles

## Properties of 3D Objects for Entry Level Functional Maths

Name each 3D object and fill in the gaps about their properties.
For each of the 9 common 3D shapes, the learner is prompted to complete information about:

• its name
• the number of curved and/or flat faces
• the shape of the faces
• the number of vertices (corners)
• the number of edges

Editor's note
Answer sheet with detailed Functional Skills Maths mapping is available to contributors only

Level
Entry Level 1
Entry Level 2
Entry Level 3
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
E1.9 Identify & recognise common 2-D and 3-D shapes including circle, cube, rectangle (incl. square) and triangle
E2.19 Recognise and name 2-D and 3-D shapes including pentagons, hexagons, cylinders, cuboids, pyramids, spheres
E2.20 Describe properties of common 2-D & 3-D shapes including nos. of sides, corners, edges, faces, angles & base
E3.19 Sort 2-D and 3-D shapes using properties including lines of symmetry, length, right angles, angles including in rectangles and triangles

## Properties of 2D Shapes for Entry Level Functional Maths

Name each 2D shape and describe its properties.
For each of the 8 common shapes, the learner is prompted to answer these questions:

Level
Entry Level 1
Entry Level 2
Entry Level 3
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
E1.9 Identify & recognise common 2-D and 3-D shapes including circle, cube, rectangle (incl. square) and triangle
E2.19 Recognise and name 2-D and 3-D shapes including pentagons, hexagons, cylinders, cuboids, pyramids, spheres
E2.20 Describe properties of common 2-D & 3-D shapes including nos. of sides, corners, edges, faces, angles & base
E3.19 Sort 2-D and 3-D shapes using properties including lines of symmetry, length, right angles, angles including in rectangles and triangles

## Area and Perimeter Level 1

Functional Skills level 1. Revision booklet for area and perimeter. Covers rectangles and compound shapes made up of rectangles.

Editor's note

A very useful set of questions with guidance. Lots of underpinning practice is followed by problem solving. Ideal for non-calculator work. Note there is no answer sheet.

Level
Level 1
Maths
L1.22 Calculate area and perimeter of simple shapes including those that are made up of a combination of rectangles
FM Context free underpinning
FM Straightforward problem(s) with more than 1 step

## HS2 Compass points, position and bearings

Covers all reformed Functional Skills  content descriptors relating to position and direction (from E1 to L1). Written with mixed-level classes in mind. Positional vocabulary; cardinal and intercardinal compass points; turns (e.g. quarter turns) and bearings are all covered in this set of graduated HS2 (high speed railway) themed problems. Problems are interspersed with context-free underpinning questions, examples and tips.

Level
Entry Level 1
Entry Level 2
Entry Level 3
Level 1
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
FM Simple one step problem(s)
FM Straightforward problem(s) with more than 1 step
E1.10 Use everyday positional vocabulary to describe position and direction including left, right, in front, behind, under and above
E2.21 Use appropriate positional vocabulary to describe position and direction including between, inside, outside, middle, below, on top, forwards and backwards
E3.20 Use appropriate positional vocabulary to describe position and direction including eight compass points and including full/half/quarter turns
L1.26 Use angles when describing position and direction, and measure angles in degrees
Context
Leisure Travel Tourism
Motor vehicles & Transport

## Functional Skills Maths Level One - Need To Know Revision Guide

11.50 28.1.20 - file updated. (Minor typo page 4, missing 'camel' key  page 7)

Detailed revision guide for Reformed Functional Maths. Split into sections Number, Measures Shape and Space, Handling Data
Table format with topic on left-hand side and an example on the right.

Editor's note

Really useful guide covering almost every Level 1 content criterion. Written for Edexcel-Pearson candidates but suitable for all.

Level
Level 1
Maths
FM Context free underpinning
Functional Maths