# FM Straightforward problem(s) with more than 1 step

A **straightforward problem** requires students to either work through **one step or process OR to work through more than one connected step or process**. Individual problems are based on the knowledge and/or skills in the mathematical content areas (MCA). At **Level 1 **it is expected that the student will be able to address individual problems,** some of which draw upon a combination of any two **of the MCA (number, measures, data) and require students to **make connections between** those content areas. The **context **of individual problems at L1 will require some comprehension in order for the student to be able independently to identify and carry out an appropriate mathematical approach.

This exercise can be used in several different ways. The cost of living crisis has hit everyone and this one pot pasta dish can save on gas/electric by making everything in one pan. The main idea is to cost the ingredients as it is, but then think of alternatives to the original recipe. Then if you double the recipe up, how much are you saving by buying 500g of mince? How much are you saving by buying a 4 pack tin of tomatoes? Look at the different prices of dried pasta. Look at how much frozen mince is. This is about converting g - kg too. It uses dividing and multiplying.

An Australian version (i.e. uses A$, Australian vocabulary, etc.) of the popular Using Formulae v2 written by Gordon Noblett in 2007. Useful, realistic practice – questions cover mobiles, cooking, printing photos, plumbing rates, etc. Each multi-part question is cleverly staggered so that learners build up a set of answers and then find a 'rule'. Includes 'formulae expressed in words' so some questions also suitable for Level 1 (in addition to Level 2).

**Editor's notes**

An Australian version (i.e. uses A$, Australian vocabulary, curriculum details, etc.) of the popular Using Formulae written by Jean Thomas in 2006. Covers substituting into formulae, percentages and working with large numbers.

**Editor's notes**

London Marathon is a multi-level graduated Functional Maths workbook for Entry Level 1 to Level 2. A front page overview allows the teacher or learner to decide which levels and topics to work on. The emphasis throughout is on problem solving and showing working out. The workbook uses information from the 2022 London Marathon web page and event guide.

Pancake Day in Exdale is a multi-level graduated Functional Maths workbook for Entry Level 1 to Level 2. A front page overview allows the teacher or learner to decide which levels and topics to work on. All questions are based on one or other of two texts (pancake meals at the local pub and special offers in the Exdale Cook Shop). The emphasis throughout is on problem solving and showing working out.

At Entry Levels the main coverage is time, dates and money. Levels 1 and 2 include questions on time, converting between measures, circumference, percentage discount and mean.

NEW 24/2/22 answer sheet now also available - visit our ANSWER SHEETS page for more information.

A follow-on Valentine's Day resource from the E1-E3 worksheet of the same name. It continues the general problem solving of finding suitable meal deals for various couples and calculating how much they save by purchasing a Valentine's meal deal. For L2 learners it also delves into compound measures with challenging multiple questions on on unit prices (e.g. £/kg, £/litre).

17/1/22 Minor update - page number signposting at top of pages 5&6 corrected.

highly functional, carefully graduated set of questions based on current (Dec 2021) Royal Mail information about parcel and letter sizes, and first and second class mail prices. Written just before Christmas but can be used all year round. Main topics are: extracting information from tables, converting metric measures, formulae expressed as words, and working with money and decimals.

**Author's note**

A good way for learners to understand the importance of using reverse calculations to check an answer to a previous question. These check questions are appearing more and more in functional skills exams. I hope you find it as useful as I and my learners do.

**Editor's note**

Carefully differentiated practice in this important skill. All four operations (+, -, x, ÷) are covered. A set of 15 practical problems. An important and useful resource: so many learners lose marks by omitting checks to their work. No answer sheet. An E2-3 version is also available.

A good way for learners to understand the importance of using reverse calculations to check an answer to a previous question. These check questions are appearing more and more in functional skills exams. I hope you find it as useful as I and my learners do.

**Editor's note**

A resource I designed to help my L1 Functional Maths learners revise and check on areas they needed to work on. Covers ratio, mean, percentages, problem solving, fractions, area , volume and more!

**Editor's note**

Fabulous practice and revision! Fully mapped to the Reformed Functional Maths criteria. **If you are a resource contributor, an answer sheet is available :) **

See our Answer Sheets page for more details.