This is one of many Harvard references to useful online references for the Level 5 Maths ADTLLS, Developing Role of Numeracy / History of Mathematics essay. (Part of Module 1: Approaches to Mathematics learning and teaching). The retrieval date is when I first used it.
Callaghan was the first politician to openly criticise the education system and to suggest that school should prepare children for work. Here’s how I used the reference in my essay:
This is unsurprising when looking back at the politics of that time: just a few years earlier Callaghan, in his renowned Ruskin speech (1976), was the first politician to openly criticise the education system. His controversial suggestion that school should be preparing children for work marked the decline of progressivism and the increasing importance of instrumentalism in British education.