Ws/L2.1

Construct complex sentences
(a) Understand that complex sentences have more variety of structure than simple and compound sentences, and that this stops the writing becoming boring
(b) Understand that complex sentences always have more than one part (i.e. clause), and the parts are more closely related to each other than two separate sentences
(c) Understand that simple or compound sentences are preferable for some types of writing, e.g. instructions or directions
(d) Understand that effective writing often uses a mixture of simple, compound and complex sentences

This is a short explanation with examples of eight sorts of conjunctive adverb arranged by type. There is an activity to complete, as well as some stretch/research activities for differentiation.

Editor’s note
Fully mapped to L2 Functional English and GCSE English

Level
L2
GCSE L1-5
English
FE L2.20 Punctuate writing correctly using a wide range of punctuation markers (e.g. colons, commas, inverted commas, apostrophes and quotation marks)
FE L2.28 Construct complex sentences consistently and accurately, using paragraphs where appropriate
Ws/L2.1
GCSE A6 SPaG
GCSE A5

A series of tasks designed to help learners improve their sentences and hence their writing style. These tasks assume no previous knowledge of complex sentences or subordinating conjunctions. They do assume the learner is familiar with simple sentences (i.e. one clause, one verb) and compound sentences. (See my related Entry Level ‘Halloween Compound Sentences’ resource for more on compound sentences and coordinating conjunctions).

Aimed at L1-2 students but parts could be useful at Entry 3. All tasks have a Halloween theme.

Level
L2
L1
English
Functional English - writing
Ws/L2.1
Ws/L1.1
Context
Leisure Travel Tourism

This handout describes the basic sentence types as used in the English language. It can be used to introduce or reinforce the concepts.

Editor’s note
This also makes a useful handout / reminder for vocational teachers who are embedding Functional English.

Level
E3
L1
L2
English
Ws/L2.1
Ws/L1.1
Ws/E3.1
Ws/E2.1
Ws/E1.1
ESOL
ESOL Ws/L2.1a
ESOL Ws/L1.1a
ESOL Ws/E3.1a
ESOL Ws/E2.1a
ESOL Ws/E1.1a

Correct structure and punctuation is a key feature of Functional English writing and these two sets of matching cards make a good introduction to the topic and will also prompt discussion.
The first set focuses on conjunctions (in compound and complex sentences) and each sentence is split into three (two clause, one conjunction). They can be matched back together in various combinations. (10 sentences)
The second set focuses on a variety of structures and each sentence is split into two. (12 sentences)

Level
L2
L1
E3
English
Functional English - writing
Ws/L2.1
Ws/L1.1
Ws/E3.1
Ws/E2.1

Nice introduction to the tricky topic of complex sentences – followed by a matching exercise. Fully mapped to Functional English and adult literacy.[img_assist|nid=4640|title=|desc=|link=popup|align=left|width=67|height=100]

Level
L2
English
Ws/L2.1

Another amazing PowerPoint from Jennifer Baines.

Something here for all levels: information, examples and onscreen activities cover a host of topics inc: simple, compound and complex sentences; punctuation; question words; coordinating and subordinating conjunctions; formal letter writing; topic and concluding sentences; a handy ‘Is it a sentence?’ checklist, structuring an argument, linking paragraphs.

Also great for teacher reference.

Level
E1
E2
E3
L1
L2
English
Ws/E1.1
Ws/E2.1
Ws/E3.1
Ws/L1.1
Ws/L2.1
Ws/E3.4
Ws/L1.3
Ws/L2.4
Wt/L1.3
Wt/L2.3
Wt/L1.4
Wt/L2.5
Wt/L2.6

Use subordinating conjunctions to extend simple sentences, with extension activity.

Level
E3
L1
L2
English
Ws/E3.1
Ws/L1.1
Ws/L2.1