ESOL Ww/E1.1b Use basic sound-letter correspondence & letter patterns to aid spelling
Writing > Word Focus (Spelling and Handwriting) > Spelling> Ww/E1.1b Use knowledge of basic sound-letter correspondence and letter patterns to aid spelling
(i) Understand that letters (graphemes) or letter combinations represent certain sounds (phonemes), and that in English this relationship is complex.
(ii) Hear, identify and practise writing, in a meaningful context for the learners, words with: initial, medial and final consonant sounds; short, medial vowel sounds; initial and final digraphs, such as ch, sh.
(iii) Know that there are more sounds than letters in English and that these may not correspond to sounds in their other languages
(iv) Use basic sound-symbol correspondence to help spell words they want to write, as appropriate to individual learners
(v) Start to use knowledge of common letter patterns in English to help spell words they want to write
(vi) Learn the terms vowel and consonant and starting to apply them to spelling
Example of application and level
Hear, identify and practise writing, in a meaningful context for the learners, words with:
- initial, medial and final consonant sounds
- short, medial vowel sounds
- initial and final digraphs, such as ch, sh
- Learners identify letters linked to initial sounds of personal key words, using letter–picture matching, personal vocabulary book, gap-filling of initial letters.
- Learners go on to identify letters and digraphs linked to sounds in other positions, as appropriate to their knowledge and need.
- Learners build up phonic word banks, keeping new words they have learnt to write or copy in vocabulary books, on cards housed in card index boxes, always working from contexts of personal interest.
- Learners work on recognising letter patterns (e.g. right, light) in words they use and read in simple texts. Learners look at the words in context, identify what they have in common and say the letter combination. Learners trace the words in the air and practise through gap-filling within simple sentences. Learners practise the patterns through Look Say Cover Write Check and then write or copy two simple sentences of their own, using the words.