Write using complex sentences
(i) Write using sentences consisting of a main clause and one or more subordinate clauses
(ii) Use a range of connectives (e.g. as, if, unless, so, as a result of that, even though) to express contrast, reason, purpose, condition, consequence; using ellipses; using prepositional, adjectival and adverbial phrases to show time, manner, degree, extent, frequency and probability
(iii) Use conditional sentences
(iv) Understand and apply conventions of reported speech
(v) Understand that complete sentences should not be strung together with commas to make longer 'sentences', but should be either left as separate sentences or correctly joined, e.g. with a conjunction
(vi) Recognise the importance of word order and punctuation in complex sentences, and use this understanding to avoid ambiguity
(vii) Select a sentence structure suitable for the text, e.g. know that informal texts are likely to use a contracted form of the verb and include colloquial expressions; more formal ones are likely to have verbs written out in full, include more nouns and noun phrases, more complex modal phrases and more use of passive.