ESOL Ws/L1.1a

Write using complex sentences
(i) Write using sentences consisting of a main clause and one or more subordinate clauses
(ii) Use a range of connectives (e.g. as, if, unless, so, as a result of that, even though) to express contrast, reason, purpose, condition, consequence; using ellipses; using prepositional, adjectival and adverbial phrases to show time, manner, degree, extent, frequency and probability
(iii) Use conditional sentences
(iv) Understand and apply conventions of reported speech
(v) Understand that complete sentences should not be strung together with commas to make longer 'sentences', but should be either left as separate sentences or correctly joined, e.g. with a conjunction
(vi) Recognise the importance of word order and punctuation in complex sentences, and use this understanding to avoid ambiguity
(vii) Select a sentence structure suitable for the text, e.g. know that informal texts are likely to use a contracted form of the verb and include colloquial expressions; more formal ones are likely to have verbs written out in full, include more nouns and noun phrases, more complex modal phrases and more use of passive.

This handout describes the basic sentence types as used in the English language. It can be used to introduce or reinforce the concepts.

Editor’s note
This also makes a useful handout / reminder for vocational teachers who are embedding Functional English.

Level
E3
L1
L2
English
Ws/L2.1
Ws/L1.1
Ws/E3.1
Ws/E2.1
Ws/E1.1
ESOL
ESOL Ws/L2.1a
ESOL Ws/L1.1a
ESOL Ws/E3.1a
ESOL Ws/E2.1a
ESOL Ws/E1.1a

A first person autobiographical account of life in outback Australia.
Exercises include comprehension questions using when, where etc.
A revision of past tense verbs – regular and irregular.
A fill the gap using the correct verb tense.
A writing prompt for students to write about themselves – emphasising the use of conjunctions and short paragraphs.
A Wordsearch.
Includes a glossary of Australian words used in the text.

Level
E3
L1
English
Wt/L1.1
Wt/E3.2
Wt/E3.1
Ws/L1.2
Ws/L1.1
Ws/E3.2
Ws/E3.1
Rt/L1.1
Rt/E3.1
ESOL
ESOL Wt/L1.1a
ESOL Wt/E3.2a
ESOL Wt/E3.1a
ESOL Ws/L1.2a
ESOL Ws/L1.1a
ESOL Ws/E3.2a
ESOL Ws/E3.1a
ESOL Rt/L1.1a
ESOL Rt/E3.1a
Context
History

A set of resources which explains the use of conjunctions and worksheets to practise using them correctly. Eight common conjunctions are covered in 5 different worksheets, along with a useful handout and a related word fill puzzle to check understanding.
Mapped to Entry Level 2 Functional English and E2-L1 Adult Literacy

Level
E2
E3
L1
English
Functional English - writing
Ws/L1.1
Ws/E3.1
Ws/E2.1
ESOL
ESOL Ws/L1.1a
ESOL Ws/E3.1a
ESOL Ws/E2.1a

Information and examples of modal verbs followed by a cloze exercise and sentence writing.

Level
L2
L1
ESOL
ESOL Ws/L2.2a
ESOL Ws/L1.1a
ESOL Sd/L2.2c
ESOL Sc/L2.3a
ESOL Sc/L2.2a
ESOL Sc/L1.2a
ESOL Rt/L2.4a

Passive verb forms is a useful 1 page reference sheet for L1 and L2 ESOL (and tutors).

Level
L1
L2
English
Rs/L2.1
Ws/L2.2
ESOL
ESOL Rs/L2.1a
ESOL Ws/L1.1a
ESOL Ws/L2.2a