Give directions and instructions
(i) Use simple, compound, and some complex sentences, e.g. with when or if
(ii) Use grammatical forms suitable for the level:
(a) modal verbs should, shouldn't, must, mustn't (to express obligation)
(b) imperative and negative imperative forms
(c) conditional (present and future)
E.g. Giving instructions on using a machine in a work or home situation: How should you do this?
First, you should... then you... You mustn't...
Don't switch the machine off at the mains. Always use the on/off button. (ii) Sequence information comprehensibly, knowing and using appropriate sequencing markers such as first, then, after that. E.g. First, you press this button, then wait. Then, when the red light goes out, you... (iii) Understand the importance of placing the stress on key words, and do so. E.g.
- Could you tell me the way to...?
- Yes. Go straight on and turn left. When you come to a garage, turn right. If you go straight on, you'll see it on your right.
(iv) Know and use lexis suitable for the topic, using specialist language where appropriate. E.g.
When you assess risk, you should first identify the hazard.