ESOL Rw/E2.3a Use context & range of phonic / graphic knowledge to decode words

Rw/E2.3a Use context and a range of phonic and graphic knowledge to decode words
(i) Work out the meaning of unfamiliar vocabulary from context
(ii) Understand that the same phoneme (sound) can be spelt in more than one way, and that the same grapheme (letter(s)) can represent more than one sound, e.g.-ee (see) and -ea (meat)
(iii) Use increasing sound-symbol association to aid decoding
(iv) Begin to recognise how words can be broken down into parts, e.g. common prefixes and suffixes like un-, morphemes (units of meaning) like -ing or -ed endings, and compound words such as playground (v) Use developing knowledge of word structure to work out the meaning of unfamiliar words, e.g. that the adverb quickly is related to the adjective quick, and happily to happy

Source: Adult ESOL Core Curriculum (DfES, 2001) 

A lovely activity to use with groups of learners who are developing basic IT skills. This lesson focusses on the basic features of PowerPoint. The topic for this lesson is 'endangered animals' which is something that can start interesting discussions about the environment and sustainability as well as eliciting vocabulary for animals if working with ESOL learners.

Editor's note

Level
Entry Level 1
Entry Level 2
English
FE READING understanding and locating information
FE E2.7 Read correctly words designated for Entry Level 2
ESOL
ESOL Rw/E2.2a Recognise a range of familiar words
ESOL Rw/E2.3a Use context & range of phonic / graphic knowledge to decode words
ESOL Rw/E3.1a Recognise and understand relevant specialist key words
ICT
Entry 1 and 2 ICT
Functional Skills ICT: Using ICT
Functional Skills ICT: Developing, presenting and communicating information
Context
Science, Nature & Weather
Animals, animal care, farming & equine

Update 24/2/22: written by Sharon Roberts and Alexandra Bates, both of Essex ACL. 
This is a fun activity which encourages ESOL learners to engage with digital technology and transacting online. It provides opportunity to explore vocabulary related to shopping while also discussing the advantages of shopping for food online. It can be adapted to all levels and can be extended for a longer activity if required.

Editor's note

Level
Entry Level 1
Entry Level 2
Entry Level 3
English
FE E1.8 Read correctly words designated for Entry Level 1
FE E2.7 Read correctly words designated for Entry Level 2
FE E2.12 Use illustrations, images & captions to locate information
FE E3.8 Read correctly words designated for Entry Level 3
FE E3.12 Understand organisational features & use them to locate relevant information
ESOL
ESOL Rw/E1.1a Recognise a limited number of words, signs and symbols
ESOL Rw/E1.2a Use basic sound-letter correspondence to sound out words
ESOL Rw/E2.2a Recognise a range of familiar words
ESOL Rw/E2.3a Use context & range of phonic / graphic knowledge to decode words
ESOL Rw/E3.1a Recognise and understand relevant specialist key words
ESOL Rw/E3.5a Use variety of reading strategies to read/understand unfamiliar words
ESOL Rt/E2.4a Obtain information from illustrations, maps, diagrams and captions
ESOL Rt/E3.3a Identify the key organisational features of instructional texts
ESOL Rt/E3.5a Locate organisational features, such as contents, index, menus
ICT
Functional Skills ICT: Using ICT
Functional Skills ICT: Finding and selecting information
General
Generic resources for literacy, numeracy and beyond
Context
Independent living
Catering Food Nutrition
Retail Hospitality Customer service

Root word family cards are two sets of flash cards that can be used to visualise the concept of root words to entry level and L1 students.

The entry level cards contain a number of root words and their word families, with a picture representation of each word. The level one sheet contains a higher level of vocabulary and the pictures have been removed.

Lesson Ideas

Level
Entry Level 2
Entry Level 3
Level 1
English
Prefixes, suffixes & plurals
AL Ww/L1.1 Spell & use spelling strategies
Rw/L1.3
Rw/E3.1
AL Rw/E2.2 Recognise high frequency words & words with common spelling patterns
AL Ww/E3.2 Use phonic knowledge to help spelling
Ww/E2.2
ESOL
ESOL Ww/L1.1a Apply knowledge about vocabulary to aid accurate spelling
ESOL Ww/E3.1a Apply spelling knowledge to a wide range of common & special-interest words
ESOL Ww/E2.1b
ESOL Rw/L1.3a Recognise and understand an increasing range of vocabulary
ESOL Rw/L1.1a Use reference material to find the meaning of unfamiliar words
ESOL Rw/E3.5a Use variety of reading strategies to read/understand unfamiliar words
ESOL Rw/E3.1a Recognise and understand relevant specialist key words
ESOL Rw/E2.3a Use context & range of phonic / graphic knowledge to decode words

This is a card game that tests students understanding and knowledge of root words. The game can be played as a whole class or in small groups but works best if the tutor sits in on the game in order to support the students and question their answers.

There are 12 cards in the pack which includes a variety of questions including true or false and spot the root word.

Level
Entry Level 3
Entry Level 2
English
Rw/E3.5
AL Rw/E2.2 Recognise high frequency words & words with common spelling patterns
ESOL
ESOL Rw/E3.5a Use variety of reading strategies to read/understand unfamiliar words
ESOL Rw/E2.3a Use context & range of phonic / graphic knowledge to decode words

A highly visual phonics PPT focusing on the ‘long e’ phoneme associated with the grapheme /ee/. Great for beginning E1-E2 readers in ESOL and Literacy classes.

Level
Entry Level 2
English
AL Rw/E2.2 Recognise high frequency words & words with common spelling patterns
ESOL
ESOL Rw/E2.3a Use context & range of phonic / graphic knowledge to decode words

Yesterday’s World text (about an attraction in Sussex) and related phonics activities based on the two sounds of the digraph /th/. Includes word sorting, cloze, crossword.

Originally written for a mixed level Literacy and ESOL group.

Level
Entry Level 2
Entry Level 3
English
AL Rt/E3.1 Understand longer texts
Rw/E3.5
AL Rw/E2.2 Recognise high frequency words & words with common spelling patterns
Ww/E2.2
AL Ww/E3.1 Spell common words
ESOL
ESOL Lr/E2.2d Listen for phonological detail
ESOL Rw/E2.3a Use context & range of phonic / graphic knowledge to decode words
ESOL Sc/E2.1b Articulate the sounds of English to make meaning understood
ESOL Ww/E2.1b
Context
Leisure, Hobbies, Travel & Tourism

27 pictures of different jobs and matching word cards – plus lots of teaching ideas for Entry 1 and 2 literacy and ESOL classes.

Level
Entry Level 1
Entry Level 2
English
AL Rw/E1.1 Have limited, meaningful sight vocabulary of words, signs, symbols
AL Rw/E2.2 Recognise high frequency words & words with common spelling patterns
AL Rw/E1.2 Decode simple, regular words
Rw/E2.1
Ww/E1.1
Ww/E2.1
Ww/E2.2
ESOL
ESOL Rw/E1.1a Recognise a limited number of words, signs and symbols
ESOL Rw/E1.2a Use basic sound-letter correspondence to sound out words
ESOL Rw/E2.2a Recognise a range of familiar words
ESOL Rw/E2.3a Use context & range of phonic / graphic knowledge to decode words
ESOL Sc/E1.1b Articulate the sounds of English to be comprehensible to a sympathetic native speaker
ESOL Sc/E2.1b Articulate the sounds of English to make meaning understood
ESOL Ww/E1.1a Use and spell correctly some personal key words and familiar words
ESOL Ww/E1.1b
ESOL Ww/E2.1a Spell correctly majority of personal details & familiar common words
ESOL Ww/E2.1b
Context
Employment skills & Public services

Covers many common phonemes (initial consonants, vowel and consonant digraphs) and blends. Look at and say the letter sound then click to see a related picture and spelling.

Level
M8
Entry Level 1
Entry Level 2
English
AL Rw/E1.2 Decode simple, regular words
AL Rw/E1.3
AL Rw/E2.2 Recognise high frequency words & words with common spelling patterns
Pre-entry
pre-Entry Ww/M8.2 Associate sounds with patterns in some letters, syllables. words, rhymes, songs
pre-Entry Rw/M8.1Recognise letters of the alphabet by shape, name, sound
pre-Entry Rw/M8.2 Associate sounds with patterns in letters, syllables, words,
ESOL
ESOL Rw/E1.2a Use basic sound-letter correspondence to sound out words
ESOL Rw/E1.3a
ESOL Rw/E2.3a Use context & range of phonic / graphic knowledge to decode words