Understand and identify how written arguments are structured
(i) Recognise the characteristic structures of written argument
(ii) Know that texts presenting an argument are adopting a particular point of view, and use clues in the text such as text organisation, lexical choices and metaphor, to help recognise this
(iii) Recognise the difference between objective fact and an opinion, and instances where opinion might be presented as if it were fact
(iv) Know that choice of adverbs, adjectives, modal verbs, verbs and idiomatic expressions used in texts can help readers differentiate between fact and opinion, and use this knowledge to help distinguish fact from opinion
(v) Be aware of the meaning of different discourse markers, including those that link and contrast arguments, e.g. on the one hand... another point of view is... some people think... ; those that link ideas and examples, e.g. for instance, an instance of this was ; those that show text structure, e.g. this chapter will explore... to sum up...
(vi) Be aware of a range of features which help to make a text cohesive, e.g. pronoun referencing (John hoped to go back to the town where he was born. He had heard so much about it.), substitution (My first point... My second one...), ellipsis, repetition and chains of words (she was poor but [she was] happy; it was a wonderful, wonderful evening)
(vii) Understand the role of connotation and metaphor in building arguments in a text