Extract information from extended texts in a non-face-to-face context, e.g. radio, presentations
(i) Know the type of lexis likely to occur in a range of extended texts, and use this knowledge to access the text.
Example: Listen to lengthier news reports on radio, in which key lexis associated with the context might be:
Allegation, fears of further violence, members of the parliamentary committee.
(ii) Be aware of collocations connected to a range of topics, e.g. rejected allegations below, and the importance of listening for the verb in this type of phrase
Example: The government of Indonesia strongly rejected allegations of human rights abuses against trade unionists and political opponents. Fears of further violence in the capital following the riots and arrests at the weekend have led to calls by members of the Parliamentary Committee on Human Rights to denounce... (the text continues at some length)
(iii) Guess the meaning of unknown words in complex spoken texts, by understanding the gist of a passage, predicting content and knowing some collocations
Identify general and specific points and exemplification in an extended text
Example: Honey bees live and work as a community, and, to enable the community to function as efficiently as possible with regard to food gathering, there has developed a means of disseminating information about food. Individuals pass on information about the whereabouts and nature of sources of suitable food... A bee that has found a rich source of food returns to the hive and begins to make a series of agitated movements on the surface. Observation shows that these movements are not random but follow a definite pattern...