Use a variety of reading strategies to help decode an increasing range of unfamiliar words (a) Understand that effective readers draw on several sources of knowledge to help them make sense of unfamiliar words (besides looking at the individual words themselves): clues from context, experience, text and sentence structure (b) Apply knowledge of sound and letter patterns, and of the structure of words, to help decode them: including compounds, root words, grammatical endings, prefixes, suffixes, syllable divisions

Sentences using homographs

Submitted by Elizabeth Henderson on Wed, 2017-12-06 18:56

Literacy: Homophones, homographs & confusables, Functional English - reading, Rw/E3.5, Reading: word focus (phonics & vocabulary)

ESOL: ESOL Reading: text focus (comprehension), ESOL Rw/E3.5a, ESOL Reading: word focus (vocabulary, word recognition, phonics)

Level: E2, E3

Resource type: Reading comprehension, Warm-up, Worksheet or assignment

A list of simple sentences, some of which are common sayings. They all contain a word which has more than one meaning. The list can be used to improve vocabulary, and also to show students the importance of context in understanding the meaning of a word. Could be used as a warm-up for a reading lesson.

EU quick quiz

Submitted by Jay Hall on Tue, 2016-06-21 16:44

Literacy: Rw/E2.4, Rw/E3.5, Engage in Discussion

General: Generic resources for literacy, numeracy and beyond

Context: News, Politics &Government items

Resource type: Discussion points, Quiz, Sort or match cards

Level: E2, E3, L1, L2

A quick paper based quiz on the EU adapted from the on-screen version on the site at:

It isn’t directly about the referendum but might be useful to spark debates.

Compound word card match

Submitted by Gemma Holtam on Tue, 2012-03-13 22:32

Literacy: Ww/E2.2, Ww/E3.2, Rw/E2.2, Rw/E3.5

ESOL: ESOL Rw/E3.5a, ESOL Ww/E3.1a

Context: Catering Food Nutrition, Sport

Resource type: Sort or match cards

Level: E2, E3

This is a resource for teaching compound words to mixed ability groups. There are five different word match activities and two help sheets.

I use the first two activities, sports and food, with E1-2 learners. Depending on their ability you can either give the learners both topics at once or give them one at a time to make the activity easier. For very low level students I’d give the learners one topic at a time and a help sheet.

Root words, suffixes and prefixes

Submitted by Helen Holt on Wed, 2012-01-25 18:26

Literacy: Rw/E3.5, Rw/L1.3, Prefixes, suffixes & plurals

Resource type: Informative presentation

Level: E3, L1

This colourful PowerPoint aims to teach learners about the structure of words in the English language. Numerous examples are given to help learners think of their own root words, suffixes and prefixes.

Root words card game

Submitted by Gemma Holtam on Sun, 2011-08-21 11:55

Literacy: Rw/E2.2, Rw/E3.5

ESOL: ESOL Rw/E2.3a, ESOL Rw/E3.5a

Level: E2, E3

Resource type: Game, Quiz

This is a card game that tests students understanding and knowledge of root words. The game can be played as a whole class or in small groups but works best if the tutor sits in on the game in order to support the students and question their answers.

There are 12 cards in the pack which includes a variety of questions including true or false and spot the root word.

Long A Sound Hunt

Submitted by Kathy Crockford on Sat, 2010-10-23 17:51

Literacy: Rs/E2.2, Rt/E3.1, Rw/E2.3, Rw/E3.3, Rw/E3.5

Free tags: Wordle

Level: E2, E3

Resource type: Handout or guide, Interactive whiteboard, Reading comprehension, Worksheet or assignment

A literacy resource for learners to find words containing long A sounds made by different digraphs. This resource was written as a pairs activity although it can equally be an individual one. There are four pieces of texts each using words containing predominantly one particular digraph – ai, ey, ay, or eigh. Learners can then search for other long A sounds formed from different clusters within the same text. Peer marking and plenary extend the learning.

ch words

Submitted by Sonia Carroll on Mon, 2010-06-07 22:13

Literacy: Rw/E3.5


Level: E3

Resource type: Flash cards, Worksheet or assignment

A very useful set of flashcards (with teaching ideas) and accompanying worksheet to help learners decode words with the three different ‘ch’ phonemes (e.g. as in stomach, pinch and chef). For E3 Literacy/ESOL.

Omelette syllables

Submitted by Tricia Egginton on Fri, 2009-06-26 17:25

Literacy: Ww/E3.2, Rw/E3.5, Syllables

Context: Catering Food Nutrition

Level: E3

Resource type: Worksheet or assignment

A nice introduction to using syllables to help with decoding and spelling.

Compound word match jigsaw

Submitted by Maggie Harnew on Thu, 2007-12-06 16:53

Literacy: Ww/E3.1, Rw/E3.5

Resource type: Tarsia jigsaw, Warm-up

Level: E3

A 16 piece triangular jigsaw puzzle where pairs or small groups of learners must match the correct parts to create compound words. Use as a warm up or plenary activity. Guaranteed to create promote discussion as learners solve puzzle (which should be printed and laminated).

All Tarsia jigsaws can also be printed out as flashcards / dominoes.
You will need Tarsia Formulator in order to use this resource. See our Good Software – Tarsia Formulator entry for more information about this excellent free educational tool from Hermitech.

Root words

Submitted by Gill Gallagher on Sun, 2007-11-18 17:18

Literacy: Rw/E2.2, Rw/E3.5

Resource type: Informative presentation

Level: E2, E3

A clear and straightforward introduction to this topic for Entry level learners.

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